- Rational and background: Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), situated in the south-eastern part of Bangladesh, had been a conflict-ridden region of the country since independence. It was practically left out of the socio-economic development initiatives that had been undertaken in rest of the country after liberation war. As a result CHT is lagging behind in all the vital statistics such as literacy rate, mortality rates and economic growth. After signing of the CHT Accord on 2nd December 1997, the non-government development organizations are being able to operate in this region. Manusher Jonno Foundation (MJF) is one of such organizations who support initiatives in CHT from the year 2005 with a especial package of providing direct service delivery with rights based approach.
- Goal/Purpose of the program: Enabling the poor and vulnerable Indigenous population to attain adequate standard of living through promoting means of livelihood security and greater capacity to influence policies, practices and attitudes to overcome poverty and promote peace and human dignity.
- √ To improve quality of institutional service delivery and access to education and agricultural services.
- √ To improve livelihood security through sustainable income generation activities
- √ To preserve and institute of nearly extinct indigenous tradition and culture
Outcome of the program:
- √ Increase income of the poor indigenous farmers (men and women groups) through providing knowledge on environment friendly
- organic cultivation, crop diversification and alternative livelihood skill.
- √ Primary school students are getting quality education and enrolment rate has increased and drop-out rate decreased. Formalization of
- the practice of mother tongue language and other traditional culture among the children.
- √ Un written traditional family and land laws are documented and used for reference. Nearly extinct indigenous song, manuscripts, food
- handicrafts, dresses/ornaments etc. are collected and preserved.
Target population: 201784 different ethnic community people of CHT.
Geographical coverage: 21 out of 25 Upazila and in 55 Unions at three hill districts.
Allocated budget: GBP 2,104,537
Identified advocacy issues:
- √ Review of the progress of CHT accord
- √ Documentation of the Customary land law of different ethnic community in CHT to assist the poor jumia people in establishing land
- √ Regulation and implementation of education policy based on Indigenous context in CHT
- √ A total of 20,623 students are studying in these primary and high schools of whom 3,217 children are being taught in their mother
tongue (Marma, Tripura, Mro, Chakma) through 264 schools
- √ 121 schools are involved with different IGAs such as banana cultivation, turmeric, nursery, paddy, cow rearing, pineapple garden,
ginger, goat rearing, pig rearing, rice bank etc.
- √ 193 primary school students now have access to safe drinking water from tube well and IFG system, and 187 school students have
- √ 4,569 students from different primary schools received education stipend from Gov. (i.e. HDC) and private institutions. 4,443 students
received financial support for midday meal
- √ 50 primary schools are on the process for registration and 37 schools got registration
- √ The poorest population (16000) at Rangamati and Bandarban received food grain in the lean period though 39 rice banks, which are
constructed and managed with the participation of community.
- √ Environment friendly cultivation in 50 unions of remote hilly areas through groups. Producing organic vegetables, diversified crop,
mixed fruit gardening by using natural/organic fertilizer and pesticide. Income of group members increased approximate 1000 taka
- √ Customary family laws of 11 indigenous communities are documented and published
- √ Hill District Regional Council is conducting a study on Customary Land laws, which will be published soon.
- √ Especial situation in CHT and unfavorable GoB policy.
- √ Gaining trust of the administration, traditional system and target population.
- √ Involving right people in the program and reaching benefit to the vulnerable at grassroots level.
- √ Capacity for implementing development program.
- √ Coordination among the donors
- √ Expansion of education and economic livelihood program.
- √ Increase of working/geographical area, partners and beneficiaries.
- √ Integrated program implementation.
- √ Mainstreaming of combating violence against women, Right to Information, and Governance Performance Monitoring Tool.
- √ Capacity development of traditional leader on customary land laws.