- Rationale and background: Poor governance situation in Bangladesh is recognized to be a strong impediment to ongoing poverty reduction efforts, and is subject to intense political and public debate. Despite the fact that Bangladesh has capability to develop, poor governance obstructs the development of the country in many ways. Responsiveness of public institutions play key role in improving governance performance and service delivery. It is a growing concern that responsiveness of public institutions is gradually being deteriorated. The major reasons are;
- n The pressures of democratic accountability are weak, poor people do not call their elected leaders and the bureaucracy to account
and too many of the senior positions in power are controlled by elite groups who often seem little interested in delivering benefits
to the population.
- n Due to lack of transparency and accountability prevalence of corruption in politics and administration is so rampant that misuse of
public office for private gain- prevents the fair distribution of national wealth, broadens the gap between poor and rich and disrupts
the law and order situation leading to human insecurity.
- n A sound judicial system has not yet been ensured and rule of law is not being enforced by the judicial system impartially and
promptly. Legal system of the country discriminates against people who cannot afford legal representation, are illiterate and
lack the power to influence legislative processes.
- n Guardian institutes and the National Integrity System are not functioning properly due to lack of political will. As a result human
rights violation has been flourished, the worst victim of which is the weakest and vulnerable section of the society.
- Ensuring responsiveness of public institutions has four major components. Those are
- i. Governance Performance Monitoring
- ii. Access to Justice
- iii. Local Governance, and
- iv. Right to information
Goal/Purpose of the program: Reduction of people’s poverty and vulnerability through accessing better public services
- · Promoting and strengthening transparent and accountable mechanism within public service delivery agencies and local
- government institutions including justice system.
- · Strengthening rights holders, rights defenders and other active group to raise their voice and interact actively with targeted
- institutions for better services and exercising their entitlements
- · Ensuring free flow of information and respecting people’s right to know for all MJF programme
- Outcome of the program:
- · Mechanism and process are in place for greater transparency and social accountability in service delivery agencies
- · Local watch dog groups are active and network of different players are strengthened to take collective actions against poor
- · Issues are derived and taken forward to different levels for advocacy
Target population: Number and description:5419309 direct
- Poor disadvantaged population in general specially marginal farmers, working children, primary school students, and marginalized population.
Geographical coverage: 6 divisions, 31districts, 236 Thana's, 499 unions/wards
Allocated budget: tk.1180171389, GBP 9,078241
Identified advocacy issues: Decentralization policy, Supreme Court Legal aid fund for the Poor People, implementation of RTI Act, child labor elimination policy and Anti- pornography Act.
Major achievements: Governance focused interventions in targeted areas have facilitated to improve and strengthen
- · Civic engagement into governance process through using social accountability tools/mechanism
- · Local government institutions to adopt participatory and transparent initiatives sanctioned by Law
- · Accessing better services and safety net provisions through using right to information (RTI)
- · Local justice system affordable and accessible for poor and disadvantaged people
- · The system and motivate employers and society as a whole for working towards gradual elimination of child labor from hazardous
- · Bureaucratic resistance and they are less open to change
- · Vested interest group resist improvement in governance process
- · NGOs are better equipped with community mobilization and yet to build capacity in engaging government
- · Project based best practices are promoted and process of institutionalizing is complicated.
- Future plan: Working for strengthening collaboration and partnership with government agencies for improving micro and macro linkages for necessary policy changes. Adopting alliance building strategy to enhance progress in governance focused advocacy issues.